PHYTOINDICAION OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS OF MAIN TYPES OF FOREST ECOSYSTEMS IN PODILLYA REGION

M.V. Matusyak

Abstract


The features of biotic diversity, particularly in grass cover of artificial forest stands in Podillya region, are studied. Grass species composition and its distribution are defined. The features of the impact of the tree species composition of the forest stand on microclimate and soil-hydrological conditions are reviewed. By types of herbal projective cover and the formation of micro-climate and soil and hydrological conditions we have identified two groups of phytoаssociation. In particular, the 1st group included such associations as hornbeam, beech, hornbeam, ash, and larch. The 2nd group of аssociation contains oak, red oak, and pine. In particular, the аssociation of oak, red oak and pine marked tendency to increase acidity and slightly higher provision of nitrogen. The main directions for the improvement of forest structure and condition of forests in Podillya region are identified.

Keywords


forest stands; phytoindication; environmental factors; tree species composition; forest ecosystems

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.