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Author Guidelines

Terms for submitting papers to Scientific Bulletin of UNFU

The list of items required for the publication of the paper: (detailed information hereinafter)

  • details about author/s (article metadata file); Example
  • article (an electronic copy and a hard copy), article design template, Example
  • supporting documents  (a paper version or scanned copies); Example

Document layout options:

  • paper size - A4;
  • margins on all sides - 20 mm;
  • file format - *.doc (MS Word 2003),other formats are not accepted;
  • font - Times New Roman, size - 14 pt, line spacing - 1,5;
  • language: Ukrainian, Russian and English (other languages are possible upon agreement);
  • extent of the paper: from 8 up to 20 pages.

The title page of the article should be submitted in Ukrainian, Russian and English and should contain the following information

UDC ххх.ххх: (ххх.ххх + ххх.ххх) Universal Decimal Classification

Initials and names of author/s separated by commas (,) (in Ukrainian)

I.B.FirstAuthor1, I.B.SecondAuthor2, I.B.ThirdAuthor3
1 Name of institution, city, country;
2 Name of institution, city, country
3 Name of institution, city, country

The title of the article in Ukrainian

Abstract. A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. It should consist of a single paragraph of the text having up to 1200-1500 characters. The authors should avoid the first person and use impersonal active constructions (e.g., "The research shows…", "This paper investigates …", "Results indicate…", "This paper provides …") or passive voice (e.g., "The data was analyzed…").

Keywords: first; second; third; forth. (4 – 6 words / word combinations, none of them should repeat words mentioned in the title of the paper). Key words should be separated by semicolon (;).

Initials and names of author/s separated by commas (,) (in Russian)

The title of the article in Russian

Abstract. A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. It should consist of a single paragraph of the text having up to 1200-1500 characters. The authors should avoid the first person and use impersonal active constructions (e.g., "The research shows…", "This paper investigates …", "Results indicate…", "This paper provides …") or passive voice (e.g., "The data was analyzed…").

Keywords: first; second; third; forth. (4 – 6 words / word combinations, none of them should repeat words mentioned in the title of the paper). Key words should be separated by semicolon (;).

Initials and names of author/s separated by commas (,) (in English)

The title of the article in English

Abstract. It should consist of a single paragraph of the text having up to 1500-2000 characters. Requirements to the abstract are as follows:

  • a concise and factual abstract is required;
  • formulate the abstract clearly and informatively, i.e. without common phrases and secondary information;
  • it should be original, i.e. it shouldn’t be  the copy of Ukrainian or Russian annotation;
  • it should be meaningful, i.e.  serve as a short version of the paper, which provides the most important information;
  • it should be clearly structured, i.e. it should consist of a single paragraph of text, but should follow the sequence of results described in the article;
  • it should be "English", i.e. it should be written in proficient English.

The abstract should contain a preamble (1 sentence), a brief description of the methods of the present research (1-2 sentences), description of the key results of the research (50-70% of the abstract), and major concise conclusions or recommendations for further research (1 sentence).

Please provide terminology that is used in specialized international English-language journals. Note that an international audience of scientists will read your article. Therefore, the text of the abstract should be logically connected, and its content should be clear even for non-specialist without observing the basic content of the article. Please avoid the first person and use impersonal active constructions (e.g., "The research shows…", "This paper investigates …", "Results indicate…", "This paper provides …", "The study tested …") or passive voice (e.g., "The data was analyzed…"). Avoid using acronyms, abbreviations, and symbols (unless they are defined in the abstract itself). It is suggested using such phrases as "consequently", "moreover", "for example", "the benefits of this study", "as a result" etc.

Для поєднання речень потрібно використовувати вирази "consequently", "moreover", "for example", "the benefits of this study", "as a result" тощо. Використовуйте активну, а не пасивну форму ("The study tested", а не "It was tested in this study").

Please provide Ukrainian version the English abstract located wright after the English abstract in order to have the correctness of your abstract translation into English evaluated properly. (It will not be included into the text of the article as it is necessary only for checking quality of the English text).

Keywords: first; second;  third; forth. (4 – 6 words / word combinations, none of them should repeat words mentioned in the title of the paper). Key words should be separated by semicolon (;).

The text of the article

The structure of a standard (experimental) article:

  • introduction;
  • materials and methods of  the research;
  • research results;
  • discussion of the results obtained;
  • conclusions;
  • acknowledgements (if necessary);
  • notes on contributors;
  • references.

Review may include a various number of sections with optional titles, but the following sections are obligatory:

  • conclusions;
  • notes on contributors;
  • references.

The structure of the article in more detail:

Introduction 

The Introduction section should include overview of the nature and state of scientific investigation of the problem in global scientific publications (at least - 15-20 references to English-language articles in international journals in the last 5 years). Then you need to indicate the gap in the previous research. Finally, outline the purpose or nature and the main objectives of the present research.

Materials and methods 

The Materials and Methods section provides description of methods, procedures, materials, and subjects (if applicable) used in a study. If necessary it can be divided into units. The section must provide a holistic view of what is known to the author of all possible sources of error that can affect the results of the study.

Results 

The Results section reports data or information obtained in the course of a study. It can be divided into units when necessary. The requirements to writing this section are general for all global scientific publications. Details of the manuscript are online (http://nv.nltu.edu.ua/).

Discussion 

The Discussion section interprets the results and their relationship to the research problem and hypotheses.
The most common imperfections that occur in the manuscripts are as follows.
1. Latin names of genera and species are given in italics, while author's name and year of species description are given in regular font.
2. You cannot refer to a table or figure in a separate single sentence.
3. Please avoid using unnecessary words in sentences. The same is true of larger fragments of text.
4. SI units should be given without point (m, kg, ha, mol, etc.) and Non-SI units should be given with abbreviation ( ind. / M2, etc).
5. Please distinguish between such characters as "—", "–" and "-". The first one is not used in manuscripts.
6. Most editorial corrections are due to misuse of functional parts of speech such as prepositions, conjunctions, articles, interjections, and particles.
9. It is desirable not to use the abbreviation of scientific terms in the article.
10. Titles of tables and figures (and notes thereto) should be comprehensive. The reader shouldn’t reread the Materials and Methods section or the title of the article to understand the content of the table or figure, to define repetition of research "(n = 15)", etc.
11. Most editorial board rejects the article because of the lack of statistical processing of the raw data (general requirements for professional publications).
12. Please avoid using passive voice (e.g., "The data was analyzed…"), instead use impersonal active constructions (e.g., "This paper investigates …", "Results indicate…", "This paper provides …").
13. If you have questions about registration or the submission of certain information in the article , don’t hesitate to consult samples from the last Bulletin volume.
14. Charts presented in the paper should enable their editing (they should be submitted in a separate file, for example, in Excel environment).

Conclusions 

The Conclusions section should contain from 5 to 10 sentences. It may be structures both in the form of a list or a continuous text.

The Conclusions section, along with the Introduction is the most important parts of the article. It highlights the summary of the present research, conclusions and proposals, theoretical and/ or practical implications, and plans for future research or possible further research in the area. Effective conclusion logically completes the paper, making it coherent and accomplished. Conclusions are closely associated with the introduction. While the introduction specifies the purpose and objectives of the research, conclusions indicate whether the purpose has been achieved by applying methods of the research

Acknowlegements (when necessary) 

The Acknowledgements section (when necessary) comes after Conclusions before References.

Notes on contributors 

Notes on each contributor should be given as follows: Surname Firstname Secondname, academic degree, position, name of institution, email, and phone number (postal address when necessary).

References 

One of the important requirements for indexing articles by international scientometric bases is a list of references, which is subjected to discerning by the automated systems of information processing.

  • please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa);
  • references should be arranged according to international format (preferably add original reference list (ISO) in a separate file or add it to the author’ details, so you may check accuracy of registration);
  • the number of research paper sources should contain from 6 up to 15 issues;
  • references should be transliterated by Latin characters;
  • 80-100% sources should be readily available on the Internet (presented in electronic catalogs, libraries and data bases). 

For proper citation during the processing of scientific information on the topic of the article the authors should analyze the recent publications on the websites:

http://www.sciencedirect.com (12,6 million articles),

http://www.springerlink.com/home/main.mpx (8,8 million articles),

http://www.doaj.org (1,8 million articles),

http://www.elibrary.ru (20,0 million articles).

Please note that the reference must only be given to officially known source publications: articles, books, conferences, GOST, laws, patents, theses etc.

Please ensure that there are no references to guidelines, news websites containing non static information, incomplete sources (without attribution, title, year, etc.) in source publications.

Please note that one of the most popular international formats is APA Style (American Psychological Association (APA) Style). For more detailed information on the exact requirements consult: http://nbuv.gov.ua/node/929

Cyrillic names and surnames must be transliterated in Latin layout according to the original language in accordance with the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of January 27, 2010 No 55 "On Normalization of Transliteration of the Ukrainian Alphabet by Means of the Latin Alphabet" (for the Ukrainian language) References to GOST, or the requirements of the Order of FMS of Russia of February 3, 2010 No 26 (for the Russian Language).

Online transliteration:   for the Ukrainian language http://slovnyk.ua/services/translit.php

                                     for the Russian Language http://ru.translit.net/?account=zagranpasport

Nowadays the paper references arranged according to the Higher Attestation Commission Style cannot be recognized by most internationally used automated systems. It applies both references arrangement and the use of Cyrillic characters. The experts have been working on the problem for many years, but it is not solved yet. On the other hand, without issuing bibliography according to the international format, articles are rejected by the majority of electronic catalogs. Most generally accepted international standards for references do not meet the requirements of SAC of Ukraine.

Please arrange citations according to APA Style online on the Websites for format citation generator: www.citationmachine.net/apa/cite-a-book

If you have any difficulties with arrangement of paper references, the Editor allows submitting these links in DSTU 8302-2015.

Please note that the Editor will remove from the list of sources those that are uninformative, insignificant, unreliable, and incomplete.

The example of arrangement of references to books:

Freeland, J. R., Kirk, H., & Petersen, S. (2011). Molecular Ecology. Oxford: WileyBlackwell.

James, H. (2009). The ambassadors. Rockville: Serenity.

Kohno, N. A. (Ed.), (1986). Derev’ja i kustarniki, kul’tiviruemye v Ukrainskoj SSR [Trees and shrubs cultivated in the Ukrainian SSR]. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka [in Russian].

Sytnik, K. M. (Ed.), (1988). Redkie i ischezajushhie rastenija i zhivotnye Ukrainy [Rare and threatened plants and animals of Ukraine]. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka [in Russian].

Girs, A., Novak, B. & Kashpor, S. (2005). Lisovporjadkuvannja [Forest management]. Kyiv: Aristey [in Ukrainian].

The example of arrangement of references to books:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (2005). Title of article. Title of Journal, 10(2), 49–53. doi:10.1134/s0013873813050102.

Putchkov, A. (2011). Ground beetles of the Ukraine (Coleoptera, Carabidae). ZooKeys, 100, 503–515. doi:10.3897/zookeys.100.1545

Putchkov, A. V. (2013). Survey of carabid beetles of the tribe Nebriini (Coleoptera, Carabidae) of the fauna of Ukraine. Entomological Review, 93(5), 620–629. doi:10.1134/s0013873813050102

Husband, R. W., & Khaustov, A. A. (2004). A new species of Eutarsopolipus (Acari: Podapolipidae) from Calathus fuscipes (Coleoptera: Carabidae) from Ukraine. International Journal of Acarology, 30(4), 329–333. doi:10.1080/01647950408684401

Sidorenko, A. I., & Siokhin, V. D. (2016). Gnezdovanie bol'shogo baklana (Phalacrocorax carbo) na tehnogennyh sooruzhenijah v Ukraine [Nesting of Great Cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo) on man-made structures in Ukraine]. Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology, Ecology, 24(2), 308–316 (in Russian). doi:10.15421/011640

Al'-Hazaali, Hajder Raad Nadim, & Kovbasa, V. P. (2016). O vzaimodejstvii rabochego organa s pochvoj dlja obrazovanija krotoviny. Scientific Bulletin of UNFU, 26(8), 347-355. [in Russian]

Please provide transliteration to the citations of the articles written in Cyrillic, and English translation of the titles in square brackets [] following the pattern:

Kochubey, S. O. (2009). Osobennosti rascheta kojefficienta sinhronizacii nejronnyh setej [Features of synchronization coefficient calculation in neural networks]. Vìsn. Dnìpropetr. Unìv. Ser. Bìol. Ekol. 17(5), 55–62 [in Russian].

Please provide English translation of the titles in square brackets [] to the citations of the articles written in Latin characters but in other national languages (except English, German and French), and state the language, e.g. [in Polish].

References to online publications (electronic publications):

Last, F. M. (2016). Title of resources. Retrieved from: http://journals.ntsh.org/sites/default/files/sciences_249.pdf

Please note that references to online publications (Websites, Web blogs or Web pages) abstracts, theses and dissertations, research reports, and regulations of certain countries are undesirable.

Please give citation of literature sources in the text of the article following the pattern: (Surname, year), e.g.: 1 author – (Vinson, 1997), 2 authors – (Vargo & Laurel, 1994), 3 authors or more – (Jones et al., 1978; Davis et al., 1989).

Reviewing

In the case of returning the article for completion, the author must consider all the comments of the Editorial Board and send a corrected version to the Editor during a specified period of time. The articles returned after completion more than in a month, will be considered as their new items. The Editorial Board reserves the right to correct and reduce the text of the article. The responsibility for the accuracy of the content of submissions is author/s.

Please use articles published in the latest issue of Bulletin as an example.

 

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